10 Large Language Models (LLMs) You Need to Know in 2023

Language models have transformed the science of natural language processing (NLP) by allowing machines to interpret and generate writing that is similar to that of humans.

Large language models (LLMs) have received a lot of interest in recent years due to their outstanding capabilities. These models, powered by powerful deep learning techniques, are becoming increasingly important in a variety of sectors, including research, business, and everyday applications.

Large Language Models (LLMs) You Need to Know
Large Language Models (LLMs) You Need to Know

In this article will look at 10 notable LLMs that will be making headlines in 2023. These models are transforming the way we interact with language-based technologies, from chatbots to content generation and translation.

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Top 10 Large Language Models in 2023

LLMs are a type of artificial intelligence (AI) that is trained on vast datasets of text and code. This enables them to generate text, translate languages, create other types of creative material, and provide informed answers to your questions. Here are 10 of the most popular LLMs in 2023:

WizardLM

WizardLM is an open-source long language model designed to execute complex instructions. It employs an Evol-instruct method to rewrite basic instructions into more complex ones, which are then utilized to fine-tune the LLaMA model. This method has resulted in WizardLM outperforming ChatGPT on benchmarks, with scores of 6.35 on the MT-Bench test and 52.3 on the MMLU test. WizardLM is a very competent model with only 13B parameters, which opens the door for smaller models to attain similar outcomes.

WizardLM’s important features:

  • It is designed to follow complicated instructions.
  • It employs an Evol-instruct method to rewrite simple instructions into more complex ones.
  • It has been fine-tuned using the LLaMA model.
  • On benchmarks, it outperformed ChatGPT significantly.
  • It received a score of 6.35 on the MT-Bench test.
  • It received a 52.3 on the MMLU test.
  • For only 13B parameters, it is a highly competent model.
  • It paves the way for smaller models to obtain comparable results.
  • Overall, WizardLM is a promising big language model that can execute complex commands. It is still in development, but it has already demonstrated remarkable promise.

Falcon

Falcon is the first open-source large language model to outperform all previous open-source models. It was created by the UAE’s Technology Innovation Institute (TII) and is accessible under the Apache 2.0 license, which means you can use it commercially with no royalties or restrictions.

Falcon models include the Falcon-40B and Falcon-7B. Both models were trained on enormous datasets of text and code, however the Falcon-40B model has 40 billion parameters while the Falcon-7B model has 7 billion. This means the Falcon-40B model is more powerful and capable of handling more complex jobs.

Falcon models have been trained in English, German, Spanish, and French, but they can also work in Italian, Portuguese, Polish, and other languages. Falcon is an excellent choice if you want an open-source large language model that is powerful, diverse, and commercially available.

key features of Falcon:

  • It is the most powerful large language model available in open source.
  • It is distributed under the Apache 2.0 licence, which means you can use it commercially without paying any royalties or restrictions.
  • It was trained on a big text and code dataset.
  • It is capable of working in different languages.
  • It is still in development, but it has already demonstrated remarkable promise.
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Cohere

Cohere is an artificial intelligence firm formed by former Google engineers from the Google Brain team. They are primarily concerned with creating large language models (LLMs) for enterprise use cases. Cohere’s models are trained on a vast dataset of text and code and may be utilised for a range of activities such as text generation, language translation, and creative content creation.

The Cohere Command is one of Cohere’s most popular models. This model is intended to be accurate and robust, and its performance in a variety of benchmarks has been lauded. Cohere Command is also utilized by a number of large corporations, including Spotify, Jasper, and HyperWrite.

Cohere is more expensive than some of its competitors in terms of pricing. Cohere, for example, charges $15 to manufacture one million tokens, but OpenAI’s turbo model charges $4. Cohere, on the other hand, claims that their models are more accurate and robust, and that firms are willing to pay a premium for them.

Cohere is a prominent provider of LLMs for enterprise use cases in general. Its models are accurate, strong, and versatile, and a lot of significant corporations utilize them. If you are looking for an LLM for your business, cohere is a wonderful choice to consider.

key features of Cohere:

  • Former Google Brain employees founded the company.
  • Dedicated to the creation of LLMs for enterprise use cases.
  • Models are trained on a vast text and code dataset.
  • Can be used for a number of activities such as text generation, language translation, and creative content creation.
  • The Cohere Command model is one of Cohere’s most popular models, and it is intended to be accurate and robust.
  • Cohere’s models are more expensive than those of some of its competitors, but they claim to be more accurate and sturdier.
  • Cohere is used by a number of large corporations, including Spotify, Jasper, and HyperWrite.

GPT-4

GPT-4 is OpenAI’s most recent and powerful large language model (LLM). It has been trained on a vast dataset of text and code and can do a wide range of tasks, including:

  • Text generation, language translation, and the creation of other types of creative content
  • Answering your questions in an educational manner, even if they are open-ended, difficult, or unusual
  • Making up stories or summarising facts
  • Following your instructions and performing your requests thoughtfully
  • Learning from your feedback and continuously improving its performance

GPT-4 is also the first multimodal LLM, meaning it can receive text as well as images as input. This enables it to execute tasks that would be difficult or impossible for other LLMs, such as describing the humor in an image or answering test questions using diagrams.

LLaMA

Meta’s LLaMA model represents a significant advancement in the field of large language models (LLMs). The model was released in February 2023 and has since been used by academics and developers all across the world to generate new and inventive applications.

One of the most amazing aspects of LLaMA is its vastness. The model is available in four sizes, ranging from 7 billion to 65 billion parameters. This makes it one of the smallest LLMs available, while yet doing many of the same duties as larger ones.

Another distinguishing element of LLaMA is its performance. The model has been demonstrated to outperform competing LLMs on a range of benchmarks, including the GLUE and SQuAD benchmarks. As a result, it is quite effective. This makes it an effective tool for a wide range of tasks, including natural language inference, question answering, and text production.

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LLaMA has also been lauded for its adaptability. The model can be used for a variety of purposes, including:

  • Chatbots
  • Summarization of text
  • Machine translation
  • Creating Code
  • Writing that is unique

BERT

BERT, or Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers, is a big language model introduced by Google in 2018. It is a deep learning model that use the Transformer neural network architecture to understand contextual associations between words in a text.

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Prior to BERT, most NLP models were trained on sequential data, such as text or code. These models were usually unidirectional, which meant they could only process text from left to right. This hampered their capacity to comprehend the context of words and sentences, which is critical for activities like natural language processing and question responding.

BERT has been demonstrated to outperform previous NLP models on a range of tasks, including:

  • Inference from natural language
  • Answering questions
  • Summarization of text
  • Code generation by machine translation

Guanaco-65B

Guanaco-65B is one of the greatest open-source large language models (LLMs) currently available. It was created by Hugging Face’s Tim Dettmers and other researchers, and it is based on Meta’s LLaMA model.

Guanaco-65B has been demonstrated to outperform competing open-source LLMs on a variety of benchmarks. For example, it received a score of 52.7 on the MMLU test and a score of 51.3 on the TruthfulQA review.

One of the most astounding aspects of the Guanaco-65B is its size. The model comprises 65 billion parameters, which is significantly less than previous LLMs such as GPT-4. However, the Guanaco-65B can perform as well as or better than these larger variants.

Guanaco-65B has been fine-tuned using the OASST1 dataset, which is a big text and code dataset. This provides the model with a thorough understanding of language and enables it to execute a wide range of tasks, including:

  • Natural language inference
  • Answering questions
  • Summarization of text
  • Creating Code

Guanaco-65B has been demonstrated to outperform competing open-source LLMs on a variety of benchmarks. For example, it received a score of 52.7 on the MMLU test and a score of 51.3 on the TruthfulQA review.

GPT-3.5

OpenAI’s GPT-3.5 model is a cutting-edge language model with exceptional contextual understanding and language creation capabilities. It can complete a variety of jobs including as text completion, summarization, translation, and even creative writing.

ChatGPT driven by the GPT-3.5 model excels in creative tasks such as essay writing and developing successful business proposals. The addition of the GPT-3.5-turbo variant, with a remarkable 16K context length, expands its possibilities even more. What’s the best part? It is absolutely free to use, with no hourly or daily usage limits. Accept ChatGPT’s limitless potential for your creative endeavors.

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Bloom

BLOOM stands out for its size and multilingual possibilities. It has 176 billion parameters, making it one of the world’s largest LLMs. It is also bilingual, which means it can comprehend and generate content in 46 different languages.

BLOOM is still in development, but it has already been utilized to produce a variety of remarkable applications. It has, for example, been utilized to create a new machine translation system capable of translating between 46 languages with cutting-edge precision. It was also utilized to develop a new code generating tool capable of producing code in 13 different programming languages.

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BLOOM’s main characteristics are as follows:

  • Size: BLOOM has 176 billion parameters, making it one of the world’s largest LLMs.
  • BLOOM is multilingual, understanding and producing writing in 46 different languages.
  • BLOOM is open-source, which means that anyone who wants to use it can do so for free.
  • BLOOM is created and maintained by a community of researchers and developers.

XLNet

XLNet is a language model introduced by Google AI researchers in 2019. It solves problems in classic language models, such as left-to-right or auto-regressive pre-training procedures.

The primary idea of XLNet is to overcome autoregressive bias by modelling all permutations of the input sequence during pre-training. Based on the words that have already been viewed, autoregressive models anticipate the next word in a sequence. This can cause issues since it causes the model to neglect vital information later in the sequence.

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XLNet solves this problem by simulating all possible variations of the input sequence. This means that the model evaluates all potential word-orderings in the sequence and learns to predict the next word in each permutation. This improves the model’s ability to capture bidirectional context and dependencies.

10 Large Language Models (LLMs) You Need to Know in 2023
10 Large Language Models (LLMs) You Need to Know in 2023

XLNet’s primary features include:

  • Models all permutations of the input sequence to overcome autoregressive bias.
  • The Transformer architecture is used.
  • Uses a permutation-based training goal known as “permutation language modelling.”
  • It has been demonstrated that it outperforms earlier language models on a variety of tasks.
  • More resistant to antagonistic examples
  • There is open-source code and pre-trained models available.

What can Large Language Models be used for?

Natural language comprehension: LLMs can be used to comprehend the meaning of text, as well as the context in which it is utilized. This can be used for a range of purposes, including sentiment analysis, machine translation, and answering questions.Complete the text: LLMs can be used to finish text by filling in missing words or phrases. This can be used for a range of purposes, including as creating creative text formats such as poems, code, screenplays, musical pieces, email, letters, and so on, or summarizing factual matters.

Benefits of LLMs

  • Ability to generate high-quality content: LLMs can write text that is indistinguishable from human-written language. This can be used for a variety of purposes, including the creation of marketing materials, the generation of reports, and the creation of creative content.
  • Speed and accuracy in processing language: LLMs can process language significantly faster and more correctly than humans. This can be used to boost the productivity of a wide range of operations, including customer service, data entry, and research.
  • Flexibility in adapting to different tasks: LLMs can be fine-tuned to execute a number of functions due to their adaptability. This makes them a versatile instrument that may be utilized in a variety of sectors.

Also read: For a more comprehensive overview of Gorilla refer to our guide LLM Connected with APIs

Conclusion

By 2023, these 10 large language models (LLMs) will be indispensable tools in natural language processing. From the versatility of GPT-3.5 to the open-source approach of Falcon, they have revolutionized a variety of applications. These LLMs, with their revolutionary characteristics, are altering the way we interact with language technologies and opening up new avenues for innovation.

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